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The Green Innovation in Refineries

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No more feedstock, no octane booster anymore

Mission

Spread the green innovation in the EU refineries and simultaneously upgrade the final products by using integrated applications of heterogenised homogeneous catalysis in aqueous media.

Our Goal

Be the #1 solution for an easy, efficient and effective replace of the harmful gasoline ether oxygenates (MTBE, ETBE, TAME) from the refinery blended gasoline pools with an in situ and an environmentally friendly catalytic process.

Innovation Technology

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first integrated application of aqueous heterogenised homogeneous catalysis in fuel upgrade with an in situ replace of the harmful gasoline ether oxygenates from the refinery blended gasoline pools.

The high-tech equipment of Hephaestus Advanced Lab fully covers the research and developments needs of the project.

We Think Europe


A conversion of a real refinery naphtha cut (low quality) to a strong anti-knocking upgraded fuel is proposed. The ultimate upgraded fuel can replace the harmful gasoline ether oxygenates (MTBE, ETBE, TAME) from the refinery blended gasoline pools with an in situ and an environmentally friendly catalytic process.

The ban on TEL (Tetra-Ethyl Lead) in the early of 1970s and also the installation of the two-way and then three-way catalytic converters in automobile exhaust since 1975, which were intolerant of lead, led the refinery industry to the use of high-octane oxygenated components, called “oxygenates” (US CAA Amendments 1977, 1990; EU Fuel Quality Directive 98/70/EC; Directive 2009/30/EC). Hitherto, ether oxygenates (MTBE, ETBE, TAME) are added to certain gasoline (petrol) formulations to improve combustion efficiency and to increase the octane rating, known as gasoline ether oxygenates (GEOs) or fuel-ethers. Greece, as well as Germany, Italy, Finland and France, produces and uses methyl tert-amyl ether (TAME) as GEO. However, despite the fact that TEL was replaced by GEOs, due to the environmental consequences and the severe human health effects of the former; it is worthy of remark that the GEOs took the place of TEL as suitable octane boosters in the refinery blended gasoline pool and not as environmentally benign compounds (Bonventre et al. 2012). An environmentally friendly two-step in situ synthesis of an upgraded fuel that could replace the harmful TAME from the refinery blended gasoline pool is being proposed. Moreover, it is noteworthy that the ultimate product (fuel) contains more oxygen providing better combustion properties and bigger octane numbers. The standard properties of the ultimate upgraded fuel are fully determined and the whole industrial process was modelled and simulated facilitating the implementation of the proposal at the industrial field.

COMMERCIALIZATION


The ban on GEOs in many states of US, due to the environmental restrictions, reveals that there is a need of replacing GEOs in refineries. The proposed environmentally benign process will offer an upgraded fuel not by putting additives, as usually, but by in situ conversion of an existing low quality feedstock to strong anti-knocking ingredients of gasoline.